A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the by Francis M. Carroll

By Francis M. Carroll

In this designated and interesting booklet, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the us from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.

Established by way of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly grew to become transparent that ambiguities and error within the treaty introduced confusion and contention within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, during the nice Lakes and from Lake more advantageous to Lake of the Woods, within the center of the continent. This borderland, gradually filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and squaddies, Europeans and primary countries peoples - grew to become the focal point of the key concern in Anglo-Canadian-American family members for nearly sixty years.

Drawing on large examine and using manuscript fabrics by no means dropped at undergo at the topic sooner than, the hunt for Boundary is the 1st paintings to entirely clarify the efforts of different Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant foreign makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The e-book additionally presents a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the experience of urgency that eventually allowed for negotiation of an inexpensive compromise payment of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A stable and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton known as it. jam-packed with the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to lifestyles a impressive time within the diplomatic and political heritage of either Canada and the United States.

Winner of the Dafoe publication Prize, provided by means of the J.W. Dafoe Foundation

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Additional info for A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842

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It is often remarked that the document avoided mention of the issues that brought on the war and that in effect it settled nothing. This judgment, however, is too simplistic. British North America - Canada - was secured, and no American soldier ever invaded it again. Many people, including Henry Goulburn, would not in 1814 have believed that possible. For the Americans, their nation was saved with no loss of territory. For the boundary, a process was set in motion that divided the continent; the Rush-Gallatin Convention of 1818 determined that the fortyninth parallel would divide British territory in North America from the United States west from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, with joint occupancy to be the rule for the Oregon territory.

British troops landed in Maryland in the late summer 22 A Good and Wise Measure of 1814, captured Washington, DC, burned the public buildings, and then attacked the city of Baltimore. However, after an unsuccessful bombardment of its fortifications, the force withdrew from Chesapeake Bay. S. forces had been able to mount a successful and decisive offensive campaign against the other. 38 The Americans sent five peace commissioners to represent them. John Quincy Adams, son of former President John Adams, was the nominal leader.

S. Senate from Massachusetts. Adams was irritable and difficult, but he was able and determined as well. 39 Albert Gallatin emerged as the facilitator in the delegation. A brilliant Swiss-born emigre to the United States, Gallatin had enjoyed a remarkable political career as a Jeffersonian and specifically as secretary of the treasury. He too remained linked to the boundary question as a diplomat, negotiating with the British in 1818 and 1827 and preparing the arguments for the arbitration of King William I of the Netherlands in 1830.

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