Across the Great Divide: Cultures of Manhood in the American by Matthew Basso

By Matthew Basso

In around the nice Divide, a few of our prime historians glance to either the heritage of masculinity within the West and to the ways in which this event has been represented in videos, well known track, dimestore novels, and folklore.

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For this nefarious certification Lavendera ordered Hurtado placed in the pillory for one hour. Mariano Baca's punishment was left to Governor Pedro Fermin de Mendinueta, who ordered him tied to the gibbet, given one hundred lashes, and sentenced to one year in jail. The gov­ ernor hoped that such a severe punishment would deter other low-status men from besmirching the honor of aristocratic maidens and forcing them to undergo such scandalous exams to recover their reputations. 28 However, once false information had been disseminated by word of mouth, it was often difficult to amend.

After considerable jockeying, Garcia agreed to pay Martin 1 50 pesos, provided Josepha place no obstacle to any marriage Esteban might later contract. The parties were satisfied, and an agreement was signed. 21 The honor of the male seducer was quite a different matter. He could and often did marry the woman he defiled to make good on his word and to restore her honor. But men who had no intention of marrying the women they seduced contested their virtue. 22 Indeed the burden of proof in seduction cases was always upon the woman and her family.

Vendetta and lin­ eage feuds were typical of the fights through which upper-class men avenged sullied reputations and restored their claims to virtue. Honor as virtue was an attribute of both individuals and corporate groups. When speaking of personal honor, it was considered a state of con­ science that elevated the person's actions above reproach. If a person's inten­ tions were honorable, it was irrelevent what others might think. This focus on intentions gave honor an aspect of personal autonomy that was displayed 26 RAM6N A.

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